Medical Marijuana: The Pros and Cons

Marijuana is slowly being turned to for medicinal purposes around the globe. The continued legalization of this marijuana means that a lot more research is being done into whether this is a legit alternative to the more conventional medication that is currently being used.

Marijuana can have many different effects on our bodies and brain. One of the major benefits of using medical marijuana is that it can act as a stimulating neurotransmitter in the brain, this can help with controlling pain. Medical marijuana is a great alternative to help treat medical issues such as cancer and epilepsy and is an effective treatment for some chronically ill patients.

Marijuana contains various chemicals such as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) as well as other non-psychotropic compounds such as CBD (cannabidiol) and CBG (cannabigerol). All of these cannabinoids work in different ways and depending on the strain, have different effects on our brains as well as bodies.

Still to this day, the medical industry is unaware of the full scope of benefits that cannabinoids have on the central nervous system as well as our bodies. There is a lot of research that is currently being conducted into the overall benefits that this miracle plant can provide. In this article, we will talk about some of the pros and cons of medical marijuana.

The Pros of Medical Marijuana

Management of body pain

Taking pain detoxifying medicine might lead to temporary relief that will come back at some point in the future, in some cases, the pain can be worse and the medication can have terrible side effects. On the other hand, switching to medical marijuana can prove beneficial and safer when it comes to pain management. Some illnesses and pain such as the pain caused by certain cancers can be relieved with the help of cannabis’s oral intake or direct application on your body.

A study conducted showed that the use of cannabis can help more with hard to treat pains compared to some over the counter drugs that are sold in pharmacies. A major benefit of medical marijuana is it has far fewer side effects than the conventional medication that is used as well.

Helping epileptic seizures

Cannabis can not only be used for controlling epileptic seizures but also to prevent their overall occurrence. The treatment of epilepsy with the help of cannabis was a major breakthrough for medical research, medical marijuana is aiding a lot of affected patients around the world.

Many studies that have been done show that CBD can help with the development of anti-convulsant properties that can prevent the occurrence of seizures altogether. It can also lead to an overall improvement in terms of controlling the illness and projecting the patient to a path of extreme wellness.

Anti-inflammatory properties

Inflammation in certain medical conditions can lead to intensive pain felt by patients. Patients with IBS  (inflammatory bowel diseases) such as Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis can benefit from medical marijuana as this helps with some of the symptoms that are experienced. Medical marijuana will also help patients by increasing their appetite and improving their sleep, therefore, promoting a far more healthy lifestyle.

Both CBD and THC can efficiently reduce both the production and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines (a large group of proteins that are secreted by specific cells of the immune system.) Researchers have found that CBD is the most effective in tackling inflammation and therefore CBD-rich marijuana strains are beneficial for individuals that experience extreme inflammation.

Medical marijuana can help with the many neurodegenerative diseases that are extremely hard to provide treatment for. These include ALS and Alzheimer’s disease. CBD and CBG are the two main components in cannabis that prove to be very beneficial for these neurodegenerative diseases, which will exert anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties that protect neuron cells from cell damage.

Instant relief from nausea and vomiting

It is known that the consumption of cannabis in any form is a massive reliever of nausea and vomiting. Studies show that direct use of cannabis can lead to instant relief as ECS (endocannabinoid system) in the gut (a system in the gut that helps the control of gut function and further aids in providing instant relief from nausea and vomiting) is more regulated when a person is consuming cannabis and it is in their system, especially strains that are high in Sativa.

The Cons of Medical Marijuana

Impairing the cognitive function

Cognitive function is a set of various skills, abilities, and capacities that your brain is able to perform throughout the day without you even thinking about it. THC is able to affect multiple parts or regions of the brain that are in control of cognitive functioning, motor coordination, ability to plan, organize and solve problems. In some extreme cases, controlling one’s emotions can become a problem when a person has consumed too much cannabis. Different studies over the years have confirmed that there is a rapid decline in the cognitive functioning of cannabis abusers rather than users that consume in a more controlled manner.

It can drastically affect short term memory

Cannabis, when ingested, has access to a large set of your brain’s regions, which means that it will definitely be affecting how memories are formed and processed within the hippocampus. The Hippocampus is a region in the brain that is responsible for generating, processing, and storing memory; even slight damage or arbitration can have drastic effects. Short term memory is the most affected memory through the consistent intake of cannabis. Excessive THC intake can do irreparable damage to the young and developing brains of teens. It is advisable to stay away from cannabis products until your brain is fully developed at the age of 25.


Hallucinations and delusions that are not accurate or depict the present state of mind in any way are the common elements of psychosis. Cannabis users who consume too much or abuse medical marijuana might experience periods of acute psychosis. Young people are more at risk due to excessive cannabis consumption as it can lead to the brain’s development being stunted and incomplete.

The Verdict

At the end of the day, there are a lot of ways cannabis can prove beneficial, and in some ways, it can also be absolutely devastating. There is a lot of research that is going into the miracle plant to determine how medical marijuana can be more beneficial to us humans. You can find your own balance on your end regarding your own consumption of medical marijuana and be mindful of the reason you are consuming the miracle plant. This will help you to orchestrate the medical benefits of cannabis while keeping the ill-effects at bay.

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