Growing high-quality cannabis is a delicate process that rewards your care and patience with flowers full of potent, THC-laden buds. Whether you’re a novice or professional grower, you definitely want the most bud yield from your plants.
The ability to make sure you are getting out the maximum genetic potential of any cannabis plant species hinges on special cultivation methods that amplify its best attributes. Commercial growers recognize the significance of increasing production capacity by merely 20% on the resulting revenue.
We have shared our top insider tips for growing the thickest marijuana buds. Now, we want to go a step further and reveal the best marijuana plant training techniques that master growers use to really super-size their bud harvests. Yes, the secret to effectively getting the best from your growing operation is in using plant training techniques specifically suited to marijuana.
Every cannabis grower is bound to stumble across plant training methods. However, you can only harness the true benefits of plant training if you know how to do it right.For the new growers let’s briefly discuss the principles of plant training and how it gets us the best results.
The Guiding Concepts of Marijuana Plant Training
One of the best decisions you could make as a cannabis grower is choosing to use plant training techniques in your grow space. These time-tested methods allow you to freely manipulate the plant’s growth characteristics in a number of ways that boost overall quality and yield.
When deciding how to train your cannabis plant, there are two broad groups to choose from; low-stress training and high-stress training. The ‘stress’ refers to how much trauma is inflicted on the growing plant to get the desired results.
Low-Stress Training (LST) Methods
Low-stress training as the name implies means that very minimal trauma is used to get the plant in the right growing shape. The LST methods usually involve bending the plant stem to control vertical growth and promote lateral germination. This means that plants will grow sideways or bush out when low-stress training methods are applied.
The overarching principle of using low-stress plant training methods is to maximize light exposure to the whole plant. Employing LST methods allow you to interact with your crop more frequently and gives a better understanding of your plant’s unique needs.
High-Stress Training (HST) Methods
High-stress plant training methods involve marijuana growers inflicting intentional damage to a plant to stimulate vigorous, lateral growth. Where LST methods don’t do much damage, high-stress techniques forcibly manipulate growth features to suit the cultivator’s goal.
You don’t have to worry about HST methods causing permanent damage to your prized plants. Cannabis is a hardy species that always grows back stronger from high-stress plant training activities. Experienced growers prefer to work with select combinations of plant training techniques as their benefits compliments each other.
Types of Plant Training Techniques That Significantly Boosts Cannabis Bud Yields.
The following are the most important marijuana plant training techniques for growers that value massive yields:
Screen of Green (SCROG)
The screen of green—popularly shortened as SCROG—is a plant training technique that falls under low-stress training methods. You make use of a screen or trellis netting to form a barrier through which the branches must grow to maintain a level top. Weaving the branches around the screen allows for even light distribution to all growing parts and produces densely packed colas.
To successfully initiate a SCROG setup, a netted screen is fixed at the desired height above the actively growing plant. Any branches poking out of the mesh are firmly tied down to the net with twisty ties and other suitable materials. As the plant grows, individual stems will continue to branch out, creating more budding sites. The increase in the number of colas is the desired reward for maximizing bud harvests.
Topping would be classified as an HST method because it involves doing significant damage to the growing plant. In fact, topping your marijuana plant means you will cut off the newest shoot at the tips of your crop. Do not fret as the cannabis plant is designed to respond to such an event in the best possible way. The plant grows 2 new heads directly below the trim point and distributes equal energy to both parts.
To top your marijuana plant, wait until the plant has grown a minimum of 5 nodes before attempting to snip the top. With a clean, sterilized cutting tool, carefully cut into the stem at a point midway between the newest shoot and the node before it. This will cause the rapid development of 2 side shoots that grow horizontally and produce more quality bud sites. Marijuana plants can be topped multiple times to give up to 8 main stems for even bigger bud yields.
FIM—coined from the phrase “Fuck I Missed”—is an HST method that was discovered when a grower failed to top his plants the right way and missed. This fortuitous error led to a plant training technique that gives even more main stems than topping normally would. A successful fimming should give you at least 4 new growth points that produce heavy flowers.
Growers looking to FIM their cannabis plants need to carefully cut off the top three-quarters of the actively growing shoot. These new heads will grow vigorously with a lot of side branching and bushy growths. Growers should limit the number of fimmings or toppings as the cannabis plant requires ample time to recover from the damages inflicted.
Lollipopping would qualify as a high-stress method because it involves the complete removal of plant parts to stimulate intensive flower production. Marijuana growers use lollipopping to help maximize the amount of available light for plant development and also create better airflow within the plant. While other plant training techniques are mainly used during the vegetative stage, lollipopping is reserved for the mid-to-late stages of the flowering phase.
The actively flowering cannabis plant is stripped of all growth in the lower 1/3. This includes heavily shaded bud sites, branches, and leaves. Removing the unwanted growth below helps to divert all available energy into the upper flowers and growing fatter buds that pack a punch.
Super cropping is an HST procedure that induces lateral growth and bushing out in marijuana plants. While the method is considered high stress, less trauma is inflicted on the plant when compared to topping or fimming techniques. Plants can recover faster and grow tough branches to support the weight of fat buds.
To super crop your cannabis, take a growing stem and bend it at the desired height, with careful pressing motions. The goal is to break the inner pulp–without damaging the outer skin to make the branch sag beneath its own weight. The plant will form a callus that facilitates the transfer of more minerals and vigorous growth.
Top 5 Marijuana Plant Training Techniques for The Biggest Buds|SelectYourStrain
Grow your best bud with verified cannabis plant training techniques that promote huge harvests. Combine LST with HST methods for up to 30% yield increase.